Looking at the efforts made by India, it seems like India is on time to meet its planned 100 Giga-Watts solar power generation capacity by the year 2022. There is a lack of huge areas of land for the installation of Solar Panels and PV system; this has been bogging the work down. Thus, it is proposed to install Floating Solar Power Plans in several states of the country in order to overcome the problem of lack of land for Solar Panels.
Sources say that initially two floating power plants will be installed, one in Andhra Pradesh and the other one in Kerala, each having a capacity to produce 10 MW of energy.
The design of both the projects is delegated to Arka Renewable Energy College as told by the head of college, SP Gon Chaudhary. He adds that, once implemented, these plants will be the largest floating photovoltaic (PV) facilities in India.
The project in Andhra Pradesh expects to be commissioned the next year while the Kerala project yet seeks confirmation of location.
70 Crore INR (10.7 Million USD) is expected to be the expenditure on both the projects and it will be funded by the World Bank. The projects will be executed either by their respective state governments or Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI).
Until now, the largest floating solar power plant is a plant located in Kerala which has got commissioned last year; it has a capacity to produce around 100 Kilo-Watt of energy. NTPC Energy Technology Research Alliance was the hand behind the development of floating platform. Swelect Energy Systems were hired to carry out the installation of the system; Swelect is a leading renewable energy company of India.
Coming in to the league, Andhra Pradesh is also planning to install a 100 megawatt floating Solar Power Project in the state. Most likely it will be set up at Penna Ahobilam Balancing Reservoir. The reservoir has a capacity to hold 305 million cubic meters of volume. Moreover, the dam already has an installed capacity of producing 20 Mega-watts of energy.
National Hydro Power Corporation, abbreviated as NHPS, has recently announced that it will set up 600 Mega-Watts of Floating Solar Power Project at the 1,960 MW Koyna hydro power project. NHPC is also planning to set up similar floating solar power projects in other states as well. The proposed states are Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. Additionally the company looks forward to a 72 MW project in Kerala, and two 50 MW projects in Uttar Pradesh & Maharashtra.